Rights of Victims of Crime

There are various rights outlined for victims and guaranteed by the Australian state. Some of the basic rights include respect, compassion and courtesy for the victims. They are also entitled to receive all kinds of information through criminal compensation lawyers regarding compensation, legal services, counselling, access to welfare and course of investigation etc. They must also receive adequate protection from offenders and their identity must be protected.

Categories of Crimes and Victims

A crime can either be psychological or physical. It can mean any action that causes bodily harm, mental distress or illness, intellectual damage, disease, sexual assault or a combination of any of these. Victims too are categorized as primary, secondary and associated victims.

A primary victim is a person who is directly affected by the act of crime committed against him/her. For example, you might be attacked by a stranger, hit by your partner, injured seriously in an accident and so on. A victim of homicide is also a primary victim.

A secondary victim is a person who has undergone trauma or injury by witnessing an act of crime. For example, you will be considered as a secondary victim of crime if you have witnessed a murder, a robbery, sexual assault of your loved one, act of violence against your child, witnessed death due to dangerous driving etc.

A related victim is a person who is closely related to somebody who has died due to a direct result of a crime. Related victims include spouse, children, parent / step-parent, sibling / step-sibling i.e. a person who had genuine personal relation with the deceased.

If you are physically abused and want to file a divorce, hire a lawyer.